우분투에서 하드웨어 정보를 볼 수 있는 커맨드 명령어가 있나요?

안녕하세요. 현재 SE로 일을 시작한지 얼마 안된 초보 SE 입니다.

이번에 저희 고객사 중 한 곳이 우분투를 사용중인데 자꾸 다운되고해서…

다른 하드웨어적인 부분들에 대한 변경 방법들을 모두 해보았는데 똑같아서

설치된 우분투 버전에 사양이 맞는지 확인을 해보아야 하는데…

90%이상이 솔라리스여서 리눅스 더군다나 우분투는 처음이라서요.

커맨드에서 우분투가 깔려있는 시스템의 하드웨어 정보들을 볼 수 있는

방법이 있을까요?

다음은 /etc/issue의 내용과 uname -a 입니다

Ubuntu 8.10

Linux xxx-DB 2.6.27-7-server #1 SMP Tue Nov 4 20:18:35 UTC 2008 i686 GNU/Linux

lspci 말하는 건가요?

[quote="느림보":20rus6l0]lspci 말하는 건가요?[/quote:20rus6l0]

00:00.0 Host bridge: Intel Corporation 5000V Chipset Memory Controller Hub (rev b1)
00:02.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 5000 Series Chipset PCI Express x8 Port 2-3 (rev b1)
00:03.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 5000 Series Chipset PCI Express x4 Port 3 (rev b1)
00:10.0 Host bridge: Intel Corporation 5000 Series Chipset FSB Registers (rev b1)
00:10.1 Host bridge: Intel Corporation 5000 Series Chipset FSB Registers (rev b1)
00:10.2 Host bridge: Intel Corporation 5000 Series Chipset FSB Registers (rev b1)
00:11.0 Host bridge: Intel Corporation 5000 Series Chipset Reserved Registers (rev b1)
00:13.0 Host bridge: Intel Corporation 5000 Series Chipset Reserved Registers (rev b1)
00:15.0 Host bridge: Intel Corporation 5000 Series Chipset FBD Registers (rev b1)
00:16.0 Host bridge: Intel Corporation 5000 Series Chipset FBD Registers (rev b1)
00:1d.0 USB Controller: Intel Corporation 631xESB/632xESB/3100 Chipset UHCI USB Controller #1 (rev 09)
00:1d.1 USB Controller: Intel Corporation 631xESB/632xESB/3100 Chipset UHCI USB Controller #2 (rev 09)
00:1d.2 USB Controller: Intel Corporation 631xESB/632xESB/3100 Chipset UHCI USB Controller #3 (rev 09)
00:1d.3 USB Controller: Intel Corporation 631xESB/632xESB/3100 Chipset UHCI USB Controller #4 (rev 09)
00:1d.7 USB Controller: Intel Corporation 631xESB/632xESB/3100 Chipset EHCI USB2 Controller (rev 09)
00:1e.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 82801 PCI Bridge (rev d9)
00:1f.0 ISA bridge: Intel Corporation 631xESB/632xESB/3100 Chipset LPC Interface Controller (rev 09)
00:1f.1 IDE interface: Intel Corporation 631xESB/632xESB IDE Controller (rev 09)
00:1f.2 IDE interface: Intel Corporation 631xESB/632xESB/3100 Chipset SATA IDE Controller (rev 09)
01:01.0 Ethernet controller: Broadcom Corporation NetXtreme BCM5703X Gigabit Ethernet (rev 02)
01:02.0 VGA compatible controller: Matrox Graphics, Inc. MGA G200e [Pilot] ServerEngines (SEP1) (rev 02)
03:00.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 6311ESB/6321ESB PCI Express Upstream Port (rev 01)
03:00.3 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 6311ESB/6321ESB PCI Express to PCI-X Bridge (rev 01)
05:00.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 6311ESB/6321ESB PCI Express Downstream Port E1 (rev 01)
05:01.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 6311ESB/6321ESB PCI Express Downstream Port E2 (rev 01)

이렇게 나오는데요. 그럼 Intel Corporation 5000V Chipset Memory Controller Hub (rev b1)
이게 cpu 인가요^^?

lspci 에 나오는 하드웨어 장치는 pci 장치들이죠
보다 알기 쉽게 cpu 나 메인보드 제조사 정보를 구하실려면

sudo lshw

해보세요.

명령어가 없으면 sudo apt-get install lshw 해서 설치해주면 됩니다.

제시스템에서 헤본 결과 예시
$ sudo lshw
description: Desktop Computer
product: MS9158 Series
vendor: MATSONIC
version: 1.0
serial: 00000000
width: 32 bits
capabilities: smbios-2.3 dmi-2.3 smp-1.4 smp
configuration: chassis=desktop cpus=1
*-core
description: Motherboard
product: MS9158 Series
vendor: MATSONIC
physical id: 0
version: 1.0
serial: 00000000
slot: Tested by James
*-firmware
description: BIOS
vendor: American Megatrends Inc.
physical id: 0
version: 07.00T (04/02/01)
size: 64KiB
capacity: 192KiB
capabilities: isa pci pnp apm upgrade shadowing escd cdboot bootselect socketedrom edd int13floppy360 int13floppy1200 int13floppy720 int13floppy2880 int5printscreen int9keyboard int17printer int10video acpi usb agp ls120boot zipboot biosbootspecification
*-cpu
description: CPU
product: Intel(R) Celeron(R) CPU 1.70GHz
vendor: Intel Corp.
physical id: 4
bus info: cpu@0
version: 15.1.3
slot: FC-478
size: 1700MHz
capacity: 3GHz
width: 32 bits
clock: 100MHz
capabilities: boot fpu fpu_exception wp vme de pse tsc msr pae mce cx8 apic sep mtrr pge mca cmov pat pse36 clflush dts acpi mmx fxsr sse sse2 ss ht tm pebs bts
configuration: id=0
*-cache:0
description: L1 cache
physical id: 5
slot: Internal Cache
size: 8KiB
capacity: 1MiB
clock: 25MHz (40.0ns)
capabilities: pipeline-burst synchronous internal write-back data
*-cache:1
description: L2 cache
physical id: 6
slot: Internal Cache
size: 128KiB
capacity: 1MiB
clock: 25MHz (40.0ns)
capabilities: synchronous internal write-back unified
*-memory
description: System memory
physical id: 1
size: 1519MiB
*-pci
description: Host bridge
product: P4M266 Host Bridge
vendor: VIA Technologies, Inc.
physical id: 100
bus info: pci@0000:00:00.0
version: 00
width: 32 bits
clock: 66MHz
configuration: driver=agpgart-via latency=8 module=via_agp
*-pci
description: PCI bridge
product: VT8633 [Apollo Pro266 AGP]
vendor: VIA Technologies, Inc.
physical id: 1
bus info: pci@0000:00:01.0
version: 00
width: 32 bits
clock: 66MHz
capabilities: pci pm bus_master cap_list
*-display
description: VGA compatible controller
product: NV34 [GeForce FX 5200]
vendor: nVidia Corporation
physical id: 0
bus info: pci@0000:01:00.0
version: a1
width: 32 bits
clock: 66MHz
capabilities: pm agp agp-3.0 bus_master cap_list
configuration: driver=nvidia latency=248 maxlatency=1 mingnt=5 module=nvidia

lshw 가 편하고 전부를 한번에 보기는 하는데
기본으로 리눅스에 설치되 있는 건 아니고
보통 예전부터 리눅스 , 유닉스에선 cat /proc/??? 를 많이 사용해 왔습니다.
ls /proc 해본 후 거기 있는 가상 파일을 cat으로 보는거도 해보십시요
예) cat /proc/cpuinfo , cat /proc/meminfo

[quote="mine4004":1zeuvalp][quote="느림보":1zeuvalp]lspci 말하는 건가요?[/quote:1zeuvalp]

이렇게 나오는데요. 그럼 Intel Corporation 5000V Chipset Memory Controller Hub (rev b1)
이게 cpu 인가요^^?[/quote:1zeuvalp]

Intel Corporation 5000V Chipset 이라 함은 CPU 가 아닌 MCH 라 보시면 됩니다.

Intel 5000 시리즈에서는 3가지 칩셋이 있는데… X, P, V 칩셋이 있고, 각각의 차이는 메모리 벤드위스가 다릅니다.

Intel Corporation 5000V 는 가장 낮은 급 즉, Low value 급입니다.

각각의 칩셋을 비교를 하시라 첨부를 하나 합니다.

[attachment=0:1zeuvalp]5000.pdf[/attachment:1zeuvalp]